Texture in the two-dimensional arts is only an illusion comprised of other things that we see that make it appear as if texture is present. Texture is created by the manipulation of line, value, and shape and can add the illusion of depth to a two-dimensional work of art. There are a number of ways to experiment with texture. Traditional methods, non-traditional, and the use of found objects are a few, and those are the examples shown below. Non-traditional and found are basically interchangeable, but for the examples shown, I've placed them in separate categories.
If you have a budding artist, the below exercises in achieving texture can be quite fun. Imagination is your only limit. These exercises can help to broaden the imagination to achieve texture in other works of art, or can be used alone to create a design where the textures themselves are the work of art.
Traditional Textures are created using standard application tools such as brush, shading stick, sponges, etc. To find out what medium, application tool, and paper was used for each of the below, move your mouse over that texture.
Non-Traditional Textures are created using non-standard application tools, which can be basically anything you can think of. Each of the below were made using black or white acrylic and on either white bond or black Canson paper. To find out what application tool was used for each of the below, move your mouse over that texture.
The below Found Textures were created using a number 5B lead drawing pencil rubbed lightly over rice paper placed against objects with raised surfaces. To find out what object was used for each of the below, move your mouse over that texture.